Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Dowry The Evil Sytem In Nepal

Some social evils have been still like black clouds over our heads. Such evils have been very destructive. Isn't it a pity? A woman did suicide because of a social evil dowry system.

Let me relate what had happened. Two weeks before the death, there the marriage was celebrated. I had seen how the bridge room had left the mandap demanding fulfillment of contracted amount of dowry as well as motor-cycle.

The bride's parents and brothers wept bitterly. There were many people who felt harassed, but no one challenged the system. Her parents fulfilled the dowry amount, and promised to give the motorcycle within a week. Then, marriage ceremony ended, and the bride went to father-in-law's house. In the second week, on Friday, there came the report of her death. She died by taking poison. She had been terribly tortured by her people for the motor-cycle. Her parents were unable to give it within the same week.

I think the system must be eradicated. But how ? Our society, mostly in Terai region, has grasped the system so tightly that it cannot be avoided easily. Nevertheless, we should try to do so by providing education to large number of people of our ignorant society. Girls should be educated and well-trained for outdoor service, too. Seminars should be organized in the societies inviting men and women. They should teach disadvantages of such systems.

Most important effect on elimination of this system can be with the strong protest by the educated girls or boys. We have recently heard that girl of 21 protested this. She didn't marry with the boy who was engaged with her. Rather she called police and made them arrest him for he was demanding dowry- large amount of money and car. Other girls have also followed her. Now this protest is highlighted. Most people are hopeful for good result of this protest.

A National Hero - Prithvi Narayan Shah

In Nepal's history, Prithvi Narayan Shah is called the great King of Nepal. He is builder of Nepal. Prithvi Narayan Shah was born in 1779 B.S. After death of his father, King Narbhupal Shah, in 1800 B.S, he became king of the nation. He became king at the age of 21. His kingdom was Gorkha, a small state then, that lies in western Nepal.

It is said that Prithvi Narayan Shah received blessing from God Gorakhanath. He would win every place wherever his feet touched. He had a long desire of unification of the different states that Nepal was divided into. It was a mission of the king to conquer all the small states. He succeeded to a great extent. He conquered Nuwakot, Makwanpur, Lamjung etc. He extended his kingdom too far in east and west of Nepal.

He had much difficulty while invading Kirtipur. He was able to conquer this state on the third attempt. He had difficulty during victory over Kathmandu. Jaya Prakash Malla was ruling over the state. He had invited British soldiers from India. Prithvi Narayan Shah had to fight against them. He played a war-type trick. All the citizens of Kathmandu were celebrating Indra Jatra. His soldiers surrounded the city from three sides. Jaya Prakash Malla was easily defeated. He took shelter at Patan. Later he conquered Patan and Bhaktapur. He expanded the kingdom in all four directions. He made Kathmandu capital of Nepal. It was also sign of kind and loving nature of Prithvi Narayan Shah. He proved that he really loved people. It is said that he used to eat after observing smoke in the city from his palace. For this purpose, he had built the nine-storey palace at Bhaktapur.

He carried on all the reforms and policies of previous kings, who were know for their virtues. He followed the policies of Ram Shah, Jayasthiti Malla, Mahindra Malla and others. He was in favour of justice. He emphasized on production of  clothes with local raw materials and by local people. His quotation against corruption is still popular. He believed that those who take bribe and those who give it both are equally sinners. They must be punished. He ruled over the great Nepal for thirty years and finally died at the age of 52, in 1831 B.S.

Monday, August 15, 2016

Buddha Jayanti - Birth Day of Lord Buddha

Buddha jayanti commemorates three importance in the Buddha's life - his birth, enlightenment and nirvana. Gautam Buddha was born of the parents Suddhodana and Mayadevi at Lumbini in the kingdom of Nepal. Siddhartha's mother died a few days after her great son was born. Suddhodana brought up Siddhartha in great comfort. He was lovingly cared for by his stepmother.

Buddha was born as prince Siddhartha in Lumbini of southern Nepal on this full moon day over 2,500 years ago. And it was on this same full  moon day that he attained enlightenment in Bodhgaya and passed away into nirvana at Kusinagar of India.

In the Kathmandu valley, the festival is also known as Swanya Punhi, or the full moon day of flowers. The main ceremonies take place around the massive stupa of Swayambhu situated at the top a hillock to the west of the city center. From early in the morning, devotees can be seen through the shrine with musical bands. Offering of butter lamps, incense and rice are made to many Buddha image there. Prayer ceremonies are held and Bajracharya priests perform ancient ritual dances. Sacred paubha. scroll paintings and Buddha images are put on display.

Colorful processions are also held in the three cities of the valley at Bouddnath, the Buddha jayanti celebrations are equally captivating. An image of the Buddha is mounted on a decorated elephant and taken in procession around the big stupa. As night falls, the stupa and balconies and homes are lighted up with thousands of candles and butter lamps.

Importance of Agricultural Development in Nepal

Agriculture is the backbone of Nepalese economy because Nepal is an agricultural (agro-based) country. Almost 95 % people are farmers in this country. They work on farm whole heartedly and provide food for the Nepalese people.

Unless a country can feed its people, development is impossible. Without food, people can't work efficiently. Food gives them energy to work harder and better. Food is one of the basic needs. We can survive in the absence of other basic goods but we can't live without food. So the relation of food is generated to life. Such should be given to agricultural development. For famine and crisis, food should be stored. Otherwise, we must spend more money for importing it and less money can be used for other developmental work because money spent on importing food is money taken away from development.

The importance of agriculture can hardly be exaggerated in a developing country like Nepal. Besides providing food, it also provides raw materials for agriculture based industries. It also provides work for the jobless people. So taking the importance of agriculture in mind, the government and the concern authority should provide infrastructure of agricultural development.

Local Festival of Nepal - The 'Holi'

Nepal is land of festivals. We celebrate our festivals with great enthusiasm. Festivals make us forget our cares and anxieties. They break the monotony of our everyday life. They provide great joy and fun. We celebrate the different festivals at different times.

Holi is perhaps the happiest festival of the Hindus. It is enjoyed truly and enormously mainly in Terai region of Nepal. It is a spring festival. It marks the beginning of spring season. The beauty of the nature makes this festival colorful. People in Terai play with colors, but in Kathmandu valley they play uselessly with water and balloons.

The Holi celebrations begin in Falgun.They collect sticks and straws lying in streets at a place. At night they gather at that place and set fire to the huge pile of sticks and straws. They sing songs to the accompaniment of drums. They are mad with joy. They break up when the fire jades out. The main celebration follow the next day.

Terai people enjoy the night and day equally. People are in a happy mood. They smear their faces with colored powders. Children spray colored water on the passers-by . Even old people are mad with joy. All are in jolly mood. They forget social distinctions. In villages, they move about with colored water. They visit their friends, neighbors and relatives, and enjoy having meals of puwa, puri and other devices.

Gautam Buddha - Light Of Asia

Gautam Buddha was born of the parents, Suddhodana and Mayadevi at Lumbini in the kingdom of  Nepal. Siddhartha's mother died a few days after her great son was born. Suddhodana brought up Siddhartha in great comfort. He was lovingly cared for by this stepmother.

Siddhartha was very kind-hearted from his early childhood. He could not stand seeing anybody in trouble. As a child, he was very clever and wise. The proverb "Morning shows the day" was to come true in him. His manners were equally good. He was very thoughtful too. He was not talkative. He would not quarrel with anyone. He was interested in doing some actions that would do good to all.

King Siddhartha taught him the arts of warfare as well as various other subjects such as politics. He had even thought of handling over his royal responsibilities. But Siddhartha would keep himself away from day to day works.

King Siddhartha arranged the marriage of his son and he was married to Yasodhara Devi. In due course of time they had a baby by Rahul. The king was  happy in a way to see that his son was entrapped in the worldly life. This however did not last long. Siddhartha began to look around the town. He saw and old man in the street one day. In the course of moving around in the city he also saw a dead man and diseased man. He asked the driver of his chariot who they were and why they were not like them. The charioteer explained that all men who were replaced into this world have to grow old and everyone with a body is likely to get disease; and everyone who is born must die one day.

The sight of old age, disease and death caused great concern in Siddhartha. So he decided himself to renounce the worldly things. From that very day Siddhartha started to think about how the human beings could be freed from such worldly sorrows. And he started to seek ways to make all human beings happy.

Thus, Siddhartha one night left his princely life and set out alone from his palace in search of truth and remedies for worldly sin and sorrow. He continued on his journey to reach the goal despite hardships. He was in late twenties a that time. Siddhartha could not find peace and happiness despite his continued efforts. Nothing in the world could diver him from his determined desire to relieve pain and distress of the living beings. He already abandoned his home in search of enlightenment.

On his way he practiced penance or tapa in a forest. But he was not satisfied with hard meditation also. He became weaker and weaker. He nearly died in course of serious and troublesome meditation. Then he realized that nothing could be gained by such meditation without food. the he started to live on food given by local people. One day he sat under a Bunyan tree with firm resolve to attain supreme knowledge. It was the full moon day in the month of Baisakh that he attained supreme knowledge. After that he became Buddha which means- the enlightened one.

After he became Buddha, he started preaching lessons to the people. Buddha preached these and other lessons for about forty five years at different places until be died at the age of 80 in kushinagar on the full moon day of Baisakh. It was a wonderful coincidence that Buddha was borned, enlightened and died on the full moon day of Baisakh

Importance of Tourism In Nepal

Nepal is a tiny Himalayan Kingdom comprising 54,563 sq. miles of land and extending, about 500 miles east to west in the shape of and elongated rectangle. So small in size but it has numerous contrasts of environment. There are many snow fed rivers thundering down from the Himalaya. Nepal includes many of the tallest snow peaks. Nepal preservers countless gifts of nature such as caves, waterfalls, valleys, lakes and so on. Within a short distance from the tropical plains in the south to the freezing heights of the Himalayas in the north, there is such a variety of sight-seeing opportunities that one finds the choices almost confusing.

Every year thousands of tourists come to visit Nepal for various purposes. Our earlier data show that number of tourists is increasing year after year. Nepal, being a landlocked, under-developed state, the source of income is very limited. It is therefore relevant to give supreme priority to the development of tourism in our country. It is the great source of income. The importance of tourism in the country like ours cannot be minimized.

Though we are poor in economy and back in development, we are rich in natural resources. We can therefore increase tourist made and strengthen national economy.

There are wildlife safaris to enjoy in the dense jungles. Trekking is a unique adventure amid the spectacular scenery of the highest mountains on earth. There are many inaccessible places, which are attractive and can be turned into tourists resort.

Tourists coming to Nepal with various purposes, spend their money here. We can therefore extend our tourist trade for the development of our kingdom. By increasing tourist trade, number of hotels, restaurants and shopping centers will be increase. People engaged in handloom and handicraft works can increase their trade by selling their products at their doorsteps.

Hence, the government should give more importance to tourists trade and open up many inaccessible places for tourists. We can raise our national income and many people will get employed by extending tourism in Nepal.